Multiplex Detection of Analytes Using the Bio-Plex® System

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Overview

The Bio-Plex Suspension Array System utilizes xMAP technology licensed from Luminex to permit the multiplexing of up to 100 different assays within a single sample. This technique involves 100 distinctly colored bead sets created by the use of two fluorescent dyes at various ratios. In a sandwich immunoassay, one antibody to a specific analyte is attached to a set of beads with the same color, and the second antibody against the analyte is attached to a fluorescent dye. A dual detection flow cytometer is used to identify the different assays based on bead color in one channel, and to quantify the analyte by measurement of the reporter dye fluorescence in another channel.

Bio-Plex Assay.

In a typical Bio-Plex Assay, a capture molecule conjugated to a color-coded bead binds to a target analyte (1) followed by binding with biotinylated detection antibody (2) and a reporter molecule, streptavidin-PE (3).

Bio-Plex Reader.

In the Bio-Plex Array Reader, a red classification and a green reporter laser illuminate individual beads to identify each bead's spectral address and associated reporter signal.

Related Topics: Bio-Plex Assays and Bio-Plex Assay Data Analysis.

 

Identification and Quantitation of Analytes

After the analytes have been captured and coupled with the detection antibodies, the Bio-Plex Instrument or Array Reader is then used to detect the identity and determine the quantity of the analytes.

Components of the Bio-Plex Reader.  APD, avalanche photodiode detector; DD, doublet discriminator channel, discriminates single beads from aggregated beads; CL1, classify channel, allows multiplexing, detects dye inside beads; and RP1, reporter channel, quantitates assay in this channel.

The Bio-Plex Array Reader comprises four different components:

  • Fluidics — the Bio-Plex Array Reader detects individual beads by flow cytometry. The fluidics system of the reader aligns the beads into single file as they enter a stream of sheath fluid and then enter a flow cell. Once the beads are in single file within the flow cell, each bead is individually interrogated for bead color (analyte) and assay signal strength (phycoerythrin fluorescence intensity)
  • Lasers — the reader is a dual laser system. The 532 nm Nd:YAG laser (green "reporter" laser) is used to excite the phycoerythrin (PE) dye of the assay, for example, streptavidin-PE used for sandwich immunoassays. The 635 nm solid state laser (red "classify" laser) is used to excite the dyes inside the beads to determine their "color" or "region" and is also used for doublet discrimination by light scatter
  • Optics — the reader contains an optics bench with four detection channels. The dual lasers are precisely focused to excite an individual bead within the quartz flow cell. Upon excitation, the fluorescent signal emitted from the bead travels though the optics paths to the individual detectors
  • Detectors — the reader has four detectors, one for each of the optical paths shown in the figure above. A high-sensitivity photomultiplier tube (PMT) detector is used for the reporter channel. Photodiodes are used for the stronger signals of the classify CL1 and CL2 and doublet discrimination channels
 

Related Content

 
Bio-Plex Testimonials
Dr. Spinale, Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Medical University of South Carolina, explains how the Bio-Plex System allowed him to tackle important questions in childhood disease research.
 
 
 
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LUSM21KSY [x-forwarded-proto] = [https] [accept-language] = [en] [x-forwarded-port] = [443] [x-forwarded-for] = [54.70.40.11, 10.232.18.66] [accept] = [text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8] [seourl] = [/en-us/applications-technologies/applications-technologies/multiplex-detection-analytes-using-bio-plex-system] [x-amzn-trace-id] = [Root=1-5d839e5e-aac2d2d88c301022f67d87bf] [x-forwarded-server] = [lsds-prod-s.br.aws-livesite.io] [x-forwarded-host] = [www.bio-rad.com] [x-query-string] = [ID=LUSM21KSY] [host] = [10.232.0.21:1776] [x-request-uri] = [/en-us/applications-technologies/applications-technologies/multiplex-detection-analytes-using-bio-plex-system] [connection] = [Keep-Alive] [accept-encoding] = [gzip,deflate] [user-agent] = [Mozilla/5.0 (compatible) SemanticScholarBot (+https://www.semanticscholar.org/crawler)] AppTech/AppTechDetails pageStyleKey internet/solutions_sub applications-technologies/applications-technologies/multiplex-detection-analytes-using-bio-plex-system LSR LUSM21KSY Detection Multiplex Detection of Analytes Using the Bio-Plex<sup>®</sup> System /webroot/web/html/lsr/solutions/technologies/multiplex_immunoassays <p>The <a href="https://www.bio-rad.com/evportal/en/US/evolutionPortal.portal?_nfpb=true&amp;_pageLabel=productsPage&amp;catID=85824182-db2a-4c6e-ac82-4e07dd9ab904">Bio-Plex Suspension Array System</a> utilizes xMAP technology licensed from Luminex to permit the multiplexing of up to 100 different assays within a single sample. This technique involves 100 distinctly colored bead sets created by the use of two fluorescent dyes at various ratios. In a sandwich immunoassay, one antibody to a specific analyte is attached to a set of beads with the same color, and the second antibody against the analyte is attached to a fluorescent dye. A dual detection flow cytometer is used to identify the different assays based on bead color in one channel, and to quantify the analyte by measurement of the reporter dye fluorescence in another channel.</p> <div style="float: left; width: 290px;"> <p><img src="/webroot/web/images/lsr/solutions/technologies/protein_functional_analysis/multiplex_immunoassays/technology_detail/pft12_img1.jpg" alt="" width="158" height="135" /></p> <p class="caption"><strong>Bio-Plex Assay.</strong></p> <p class="caption">In a typical Bio-Plex Assay, a capture molecule conjugated to a color-coded bead binds to a target analyte (1) followed by binding with biotinylated detection antibody (2) and a reporter molecule, streptavidin-PE (3).</p> </div> <div style="float: left; width: 260px; margin-left: 10px;"> <p><img src="/webroot/web/images/lsr/solutions/technologies/protein_functional_analysis/multiplex_immunoassays/technology_detail/pft12_img2.jpg" alt="" width="158" height="130" /></p> <p class="caption"><strong>Bio-Plex Reader.</strong></p> <p class="caption">In the Bio-Plex Array Reader, a red classification and a green reporter laser illuminate individual beads to identify each bead's spectral address and associated reporter signal.</p> </div> <p style="clear: both;"><strong>Related Topics:</strong> <a href="/evportal/destination/solutions?catID=LUSM0ZMNI">Bio-Plex Assays</a> and <a href="/evportal/destination/solutions?catID=LUSM33IVK">Bio-Plex Assay Data Analysis</a>.</p> <script type="text/javascript">// <![CDATA[ if ($.browser.msie && $.browser.version < 8) {$("div.methodboxmiddle ul.rightarrowsearch1").css({"margin-left":"-5px"});} $(document).ready(function() { $('#rightcolContainer').prepend('<div id="rightcolcontent" class="rhm-ad"><div id="rightcolcontenttop"><span class="rightcolumn_header">Webinar Series</span></div><div id="rightcolcontentmid"><img src="/webroot/web/images/lsr/solutions/technologies/protein_functional_analysis/multiplex_immunoassays/webinar-series-multiplex-rhm.jpg" border="0" alt="Biomarker Analysis Mastering the Art and Science of Multiplex Immunodetection" class="right"><h3>Mastering the Art and Science of Multiplex Immunodetection</h3><p>Join Bio-Rad multiplex immunodetection experts for a webinar series that explores the many factors that go into the design and execution of successful xMAP multiplex immunoassays.</p><a class="bttn-block no-target-style" href="https://info.bio-rad.com/Bio-Plex-Webinar.html" target="_blank"><span class="bttn-orange">Register to View Webinars</span></a></div><div id="rightcolcontentbot"></div></div>'); }); // ]]></script> Identification and Quantitation of Analytes <p>After the analytes have been captured and coupled with the detection antibodies, the Bio-Plex Instrument or Array Reader is then used to detect the identity and determine the quantity of the analytes.</p> <p><img src="/webroot/web/images/lsr/solutions/technologies/protein_functional_analysis/multiplex_immunoassays/technology_detail/pft12_img3.jpg" alt="" width="317" height="201" /></p> <p class="caption"><strong>Components of the Bio-Plex Reader.</strong> &nbsp;APD, avalanche photodiode detector; DD, doublet discriminator channel, discriminates single beads from aggregated beads; CL1, classify channel, allows multiplexing, detects dye inside beads; and RP1, reporter channel, quantitates assay in this channel.</p> <p>The Bio-Plex Array Reader comprises four different components:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Fluidics</strong> &mdash; the Bio-Plex Array Reader detects individual beads by flow cytometry. The fluidics system of the reader aligns the beads into single file as they enter a stream of sheath fluid and then enter a flow cell. Once the beads are in single file within the flow cell, each bead is individually interrogated for bead color (analyte) and assay signal strength (phycoerythrin fluorescence intensity)</li> <li><strong>Lasers</strong> &mdash; the reader is a dual laser system. The 532 nm Nd:YAG laser (green "reporter" laser) is used to excite the phycoerythrin (PE) dye of the assay, for example, streptavidin-PE used for sandwich immunoassays. The 635 nm solid state laser (red "classify" laser) is used to excite the dyes inside the beads to determine their "color" or "region" and is also used for doublet discrimination by light scatter</li> <li><strong>Optics</strong> &mdash; the reader contains an optics bench with four detection channels. The dual lasers are precisely focused to excite an individual bead within the quartz flow cell. Upon excitation, the fluorescent signal emitted from the bead travels though the optics paths to the individual detectors</li> <li><strong>Detectors</strong> &mdash; the reader has four detectors, one for each of the optical paths shown in the figure above. A high-sensitivity photomultiplier tube (PMT) detector is used for the reporter channel. Photodiodes are used for the stronger signals of the classify CL1 and CL2 and doublet discrimination channels</li> </ul> <div class="top"><a href="#helptop">Back to Top</a></div> <div class="videowrap"> <div class="videoImg"><a title="Bio-Plex Technology and Testimonials" onclick="javascript:openElementOverlay('bioPlextt');" href="javascript:void(0);"><img style="width: 88px; height: 51px; border: 0px none;" src="/webroot/web/images/lsr/solutions/applications/protein_functional_analysis/biomarker_analysis/application_detail/ov_bioplex_tech.jpg" alt="" /></a></div> <div class="videoDesc"><a title="Bio-Plex Technology and Testimonials" onclick="javascript:openElementOverlay('bioPlextt');" href="javascript:void(0);"><br />Bio-Plex<sup>&reg;</sup> Technology and Testimonials</a></div> <div class="clear">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div id="bioPlextt" style="display: none;"> <div id="overlay_contents" style="height: 383px;"> <div class="overlay-head">Bio-Plex<sup>&reg;</sup> Technology and Testimonials</div> <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/0s1DLCpM67k?version=3&amp;rel=0&amp;showinfo=0&amp;theme=light&amp;modestbranding=1&amp;fs=1;wmode=transparent" width="620" height="376"></iframe></div> </div> <div class="videowrap vwrap_last"> <div class="videoImg"><a title="Bio-Plex Testimonials" onclick="javascript:openElementOverlay('bioplexTest');" href="javascript:void(0);"><img style="width: 88px; height: 51px; border: 0px none;" src="/webroot/web/images/lsr/solutions/applications/protein_functional_analysis/biomarker_analysis/application_detail/overlay_thumb_testimonials.jpg" alt="" /></a></div> <div class="videoDesc"><a title="Bio-Plex Testimonials" onclick="javascript:openElementOverlay('bioplexTest');" href="javascript:void(0);">Bio-Plex Testimonials</a> <br />Dr. Spinale, Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Medical University of South Carolina, explains how the Bio-Plex System allowed him to tackle important questions in childhood disease research.</div> <div class="clear">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div id="bioplexTest" style="display: none;"> <div class="overlay_contents" style="height: 420px;"> <div class="overlay-head">Bio-Plex Testimonials</div> <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/qlIMTBYwY_c?version=3&amp;rel=0&amp;showinfo=0&amp;theme=light&amp;modestbranding=1&amp;fs=1;wmode=transparent" width="620" height="376"></iframe> <br /> <p class="caption"><br />Dr Spinale, Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Medical University of South Carolina, explains how the Bio-Plex system allowed him to tackle important questions in childhood disease research.</p> </div> </div> Life Science Research/Products/Bio-Plex Suspension Array System/Bio-Plex Instruments/Bio-Plex Reader and Tools/Bio-Plex 200 Systems ->MT::715b85f1-6a4e-41b3-b5d9-80202d779e13##Life Science Research/Products/Bio-Plex Suspension Array System/Bio-Plex Instruments/Bio-Plex Reader and Tools/Bio-Plex 3D Suspension Array System ->MTS::L1AW4B15## Life Science Research/Solutions/Applications/Biomarker Analysis ->MTS::LUSLSI15## Eddie C Multiplex Detection of Analytes Using the Bio-Plex System 12/30/11 02:35 PM 12/30/21 02:37 PM AE,AI,AL,AM,AR,AT,AU,AZ,BA,BD,BE,BF,BG,BH,BN,BO,BR,BW,CA,CH,CL,CM,CN,CO,CR,CY,CZ,DE,DK,DO,DZ,EC,EE,EG,EH,ER,ES,ET,FI,FM,FO,FR,GA,GE,GF,GH,GP,GR,GT,GU,HK,HN,HR,HT,HU,ID,IE,IL,IN,IS,IT,JM,JO,JP,KE,KH,KR,KW,KZ,LB,LI,LK,LT,LU,LV,MA,MD,MG,MK,ML,MO,MQ,MS,MT,MU,MX,MY,NG,NI,NL,NO,NP,NZ,OM,PA,PE,PF,PG,PH,PK,PL,PR,PS,PT,PW,PY,QA,RO,RS,RU,SA,SB,SE,SG,SI,SK,SN,ST,SV,TG,TH,TN,TO,TR,TT,TW,TZ,UA,UG,UK,US,UY,UZ,VA,VE,VU,XK,YE,ZA,VN en LSR /LSR/Technologies/Multiplex_Immunoassays N 0
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