Transfection of cells can be accomplished by various methods, including chemical, biological, and instrument-based. This section provides an overview of the different instrument-based transfection methods available, discusses how they work, and describes their pros and cons.
Related Topics: Chemical- and Viral-Based Transfection Methods, Posttransfection Analysis of Cells and Cell Counting Methods.
Transfection can be accomplished using chemical, biological, or physical methods. Common methods include electroporation, the use of virus vectors, lipofection, and biolistics. Many types of genetic material, including plasmid DNA, siRNA, proteins, dyes, and antibodies may be transfected using any of these methods. However, no single method can be applied to all types of cells; transfection efficiencies and cytotoxicity may vary dramatically and depend on the method, cell type being utilized, and types of experiments being performed. Therefore, to obtain high efficiencies, all relevant factors should be considered in planning and selecting the appropriate transfection method.
Electroporation of cells.
Biolistics is the delivery of nucleic acids into cells by firing nucleic acid-coated microparticles into them.
Helios Gene Gun
Biolistic particle delivery workflow.
PDS-1000/He Biolistic Particle Delivery System
Workflow for delivery using PDS-1000/He system.
Microinjection of particles.
Workflow for laserfection.
The transfection protocol online library contains protocols obtained from the literature, developed by Bio-Rad scientists, or submitted by scientists like you. Browse protocols to view our library and find your starting point or submit a protocol by clicking the proper technology.
Belyansteva IA (2009). Helios Gene Gun-mediated transfection of the inner ear sensory epithelium. Methods Mol Biol 493, 103–123. PMID: 18839344
Benediktsson AM et al. (2005). Ballistic labeling and dynamic imaging of astrocytes in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. J Neurosci Methods 141, 41–53. PMID: 15585287
Eizema K et al. (2000). Endothelin-1 responsiveness of a 1.4 kb phospholamban promoter fragment in rat cardiomyocytes transfected by the gene gun. J Mol Cell Cardiol 32, 311–321. PMID: 10722806
Fujiki R et al. (2009). GlcNAcylation of a histone methyltransferase in retinoic-acid-induced granulopoiesis. Nature 459, 455–459. PMID: 19377461
Gildea JJ et al. (2009). Caveolin-1 and dopamine-mediated internalization of NaKATPase in human renal proximal tubule cells. Hypertension 54, 1070–1076. PMID: 19752292
Helledie T et al. (2008). A simple and reliable electroporation method for human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Stem Cells Dev 17, 837–848. PMID: 18752428
Hockemeyer D et al. (2009). Efficient targeting of expressed and silent genes in human ESCs and iPSCs using zinc-finger nucleases. Nat Biotechnol 27, 851–857. PMID: 19680244
Huang B et al. (2008). RNA interference-mediated in vivo silencing of fas ligand as a strategy for the enhancement of DNA vaccine potency. Hum Gene Ther 19, 763–773. PMID: 18627219
Shimamura K et al. (2007). Generation of secondary small interfering RNA in cell-autonomous and non-cell autonomous RNA silencing in tobacco. Plant Mol Biol 63, 803–813. PMID: 17225952
Su L et al. (2009). Neural stem cell differentiation is mediated by integrin beta4 in vitro. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 41, 916–924. PMID: 18834954
Tseng CN et al. (2013). A method to identify RNA A-to-I editing targets using I-specific cleavage and exon array analysis. Mol Cell Probes 7, 38–45. PMID: 22960667
Wirth MJ and Wahle P (2003). Biolistic transfection of organotypic cultures of rat visual cortex using a handheld device. J Neurosci Methods 125, 45–54. PMID: 12763229
Zhang G and Selzer ME (2001). In vivo transfection of lamprey brain neurons by gene gun delivery of DNA. Exp Neurol 167, 304–311. PMID: 11161618
Call us at 1-800-4-BIORAD (1-800-424-6723)
Please reenter your email address in the correct format.
Please enter your email address.
Your subscription information already exists, we will send you an email with specific instructions to manage your existing subscription profile.
To receive the latest news, promotions, and more, sign up for Bio-Rad updates by entering your email address below. You can elect to receive only the types of Bio-Rad communications that are of interest to you..
Copyright © 2015 Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved.